Thursday, June 25, 2020

WHAT BLOOD SUGAR LEVEL IS DANGEROUS?

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What Blood Sugar Level Is Dangerous For You?

What Blood Sugar Level Is Dangerous
What Blood Sugar Level Is Dangerous


Overview

A diabetic coma is a threatening condition in diabetes that causes unconsciousness in a person. If you have diabetes, either dangerously high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) or dangerously low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can lead to a diabetic coma. The thought of a diabetic coma can cause fear in a person, but you can take steps to help prevent the issue. A person can start by following their diabetes treatment plan.  So let's discuss, What Blood Sugar Level Is Dangerous.

Symptoms of different blood sugar

Before evolving a diabetic coma, you'll usually experience signs and symptoms of either high blood sugar or low blood sugar.

High blood sugar (hyperglycemia)


High blood sugar is found in people already suffering from diabetes.  The level ranges more than 130mg/dL before a meal and more than 180mg/dL after the meal.
The below list contains the symptoms of high blood sugar:

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Shortness of breath
  • Stomach pain
  • A rapid heartbeat

Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)

The low blood sugar is a condition that occurs when the blood glucose level drops down below normal that is when the level is below 70mg/dL before the meal.

The below list contains the symptoms of low blood sugar:

Shakiness or nervousness
  • Anxiety
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Sweating
  • Hunger
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Confusion

Some people, especially people suffering from diabetes, develop a condition that is as hypoglycemia unawareness and won't show any symptoms that signal a drop in blood sugar.
If you experience any symptoms of the blood sugar, test your blood sugar and follow and the diabetes treatment plan recommended by the doctor based on the test results. If you don't start to feel better or feel worse, reach out for emergency help.

Causes of risk conditions due to blood sugar

Blood sugar that's either too high or too low for a long period leads to various serious conditions, all of which can lead to a diabetic coma.

Diabetic ketoacidosis:

If your muscle cells starve for energy, your body responds by breaking down fat stored. This process forms toxic acids called ketones. If you have ketones (checked in blood or urine) and high blood sugar, the condition is called diabetic ketoacidosis. If you don’t treat, it can lead to a diabetic coma.
Diabetic ketoacidosis is most seen in diabetes type 1 but sometimes occurs in diabetes type 2.

Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome:

When the blood sugar tops 600 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) the condition is known as a diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome.
The severe high blood sugar turns the blood thick and syrupy. Excess sugar in the body passes from the blood into the urine and then triggers a filtering process that draws tremendous amounts of fluid from your body. If this issue is left untreated, this can lead to threatening dehydration and a diabetic coma. 

Hypoglycemia:

A brain requires glucose to function. In extreme cases, low blood sugar can make a person pass out. Hypoglycemia can be caused by too much insulin or not enough food. Exercising too forcibly or drinking too much alcohol can have the same effect.

Risk factors due to blood sugar

The following factors can increase the risk in a person:

Insulin delivery problems:

If a person is on an insulin pump, you have to check your blood sugar frequently. Insulin supplies stop if the pump fails or the tubing (catheter) is twisted or falls out of place. A lack of insulin can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis.

An illness, trauma or surgery:

When a person gets sick or injured, blood sugar levels tend to rise, sometimes drastically. This causes diabetic ketoacidosis if you have type 1 diabetes.

Poorly managed diabetes:

If you don't monitor your blood sugar properly, at certain intervals, or take your medications as directed, a person can have a higher risk of developing long-term complications and a diabetic coma.

No taking meals or insulin on time:

People with diabetes and eating disorder choose not to use their insulin as directed with the hope of losing weight. This is a dangerous, threatening practice that increases the risk of a diabetic coma.

Drinking alcohol:

Alcohol has unpredictable effects on your blood sugar. Alcohol's soothing effects make it harder for you to know when a person has low blood sugar symptoms. This increases the risk of diabetic coma caused by hypoglycemia.

Illegal drug use:

Illegal drugs, such as cocaine and ecstasy, increases the risk of severe high blood sugar levels and conditions linked to diabetic coma.

Prevention of blood sugar

Follow your healthy diet plan:

Consumption of wholesome, unprocessed food, fruits and vegetables. Foods that contain a lot of carbohydrates eg cookies digest quickly but spike the insulin levels in the pancreas.

Frequent check on blood sugar level:

Frequent blood sugar tests can tell if a person is keeping the blood sugar level in your target range. Check more frequently if you've exercised after a while because exercise can cause to blood sugar levels to drop, even hours later, especially if you don't exercise regularly.

Take your medication as directed:

Check with the doctor on the dose or the timing of your medication.

Check for ketones when your blood sugar is high:

Check the urine for ketones when the blood sugar level is over 250 mg/dL (14 mmol/L) on more than two consecutive tests, especially if you are sick. Check with the doctor immediately if you have any level of ketones and are vomiting. High levels of ketones lead to diabetic ketoacidosis, which can lead to a coma. 

Healthy weight: Having an ideal weight and being healthy and fit.

Physical Exercise: At least 30 minutes of brisk walk reduces the sugar levels.

Get insulin checked in accurate intervals: Checking the insulin levels and taking precautions accordingly.

Limited intake of salt and sugar
Replace pasta or Maida items with wheat
Eat foods that are high in fiber which helps in control blood sugar levels

Complications when we untreat extreme cases of blood sugar

If a person untreats, a diabetic coma can lead to:
  • Permanent brain damage
  • Death

When to see a doctor

A diabetic coma is a medical emergency. If you feel extremely high or low blood sugar signs or symptoms and think you might pass out, reach out for a local emergency number or a hospital. If you're with a diabetic person who is feeling dizzy, call for emergency help, and be sure to let the doctor know that the unconscious person is diabetic.

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