Friday, June 26, 2020

How Yoga Benefits Mental Health?

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Yoga Benefits Mental Health


Yoga:

The word “yoga” is derived from the Sanskrit word “yuj”
It is the fusion of Atma with Paramatma. It creates a
The balance between soul and mind. Yoga is an invaluable gift of
India to the world.

Why it is important?
It prevents us from several diseases. The most important thing is it helps in maintaining a balance between oneself and the environment. It teaches us to focus while you hold the poses. Here are its basic advantages.

1. Builds muscle strength :

Yoga helps in strengthening the weak muscles of the body. It helps in toning up the body. It also prevents from frequent exertion of muscles

2. Boosts metabolism :

It helps in retaining the liveliness of the body along with keeping it fit. It drives us towards healthy eating which increases the metabolic rate.

3. Helps in lowering blood sugar level :

It vitalizes weight loss and improves the body’s reactivity to insulin. It not only lowers the sugar level but also lowers bad cholesterol and boosts good cholesterol. And it also helps in improving the posture, increases self-esteem, improves lung function, and helps you sleep well.

Why mental health is important? 


  •  Mental illnesses affect 19% adult population,
  •  46% of teenagers and 13% of children each year.
  •  People struggling with their mental health may be in your family, live next door, teach your children or work in the next cubicle.
  • Mental illness isn’t the same as sadness.  It is the illness of the brain.  It leads to emotional unbalance. 


SYMPTOMS OF MENTAL ILLNESS :


  • Feeling sad
  • Suicidal thoughts 
  • Mood swings 
  • Changes in eating habit
  • Anger issues etc. 


HOW YOGA CONTRIBUTES  TO MENTAL HEALTH :


Yoga should be included in our lifestyle.
We often ignore it because we are unaware of its
Benefits. There’s a lot of research work that proves yoga’s mental health benefits.
If you practice yoga you feel more relaxing, calmer, and you feel more connected and clear.
When you are dealing with some sort of mental health issues you might feel that you are being dragged and a dark shadow is chasing you.
But after being connected to yoga you feel that all the darkness has shattered. All the negativity has subsided. That is why yoga is considered for its benefits on the mind and body.
 Above all, when you practice yoga you feel a deeper connection between your mind and body and you feel more connected to your thoughts, emotions, etc. And you may have noticed that you have somewhere shifted from the catastrophic state to a state of bliss. And possibly leads to less suffering (emotional health and well being).


Benefits of yoga for mental health cross several areas ranging from stress reduction to mood swings and anxiety disorder.

Depression and anxiety 

         Yoga has been always laying emphasis on peace of mind. The asanas help can help us deal with anxiety disorders and depression. When you are depressed you just feel useless and yoga increases awareness. And the individual can become aware of the negativity.
The effects of yoga on mental health can also promote one’s ability to complete tasks and move through life challenges.

Trauma

         Traumatic experiences are often catastrophic, dark, and scary. And with time, fear can lead to a complete shut down of the mind and body.  The practice of yoga can help us learn how to approach how to deal with an unpleasant experience in life.

Stress reduction 

    Stress is something that is not taken seriously in our society but it is harmful to oneself. As we all know that yoga has always been beneficial to stress reduction.


The impact of yoga on mental health is diverse and expanding. Yoga is a unique mind-body practice with its emphasis on moving through asanas in a mindful and purposeful way. Further, the use of breath as a focal point to guide you and to keep you grounded in your body, especially when the mind wants to distract you with seductive thoughts or emotions, provides a dynamic platform for working with emotional health issues. You will likely enter that state of bliss, and experience emotional health benefits along the way.

Decreased cortisol levels aren’t the only thing that physically affects the brain after doing yoga.

Other areas that benefit from yoga include the centers of the brain that help you focus on specific things and creating a concrete sense of self. What all these physical changes mean is that doing regular yoga could lead to increased self-confidence, reasoning, and problem-solving skills – all while being more relaxed.

There is a growing body of research to back up yoga’s mental health benefits. Yoga increases body awareness, relieves stress, reduces muscle tension, strain, and inflammation, sharpens attention and concentration, and calms and centers the nervous system.
Having a regular yoga practice can help you to stay calm and relaxed in your daily life, giving you the strength to deal with the everyday challenges of life without becoming stressed or anxious. With yoga, you get a complete package of self-care: breath control, meditation, asana, and yoga philosophy, which can all help the recovery from anxiety. Although, as we all soon find out, it’s not a quick fix and does take time.

 I strongly advise that medical advice is sought where necessary.
Anyone can benefit from yoga. There are many who will agree that you don’t have to be in a state of despair to benefit mentally from yoga. We all have to take care of our sense of wellbeing – both physical and mental.

Yoga helps us to take the appropriate attitude towards our challenges and thus tackle them effectively and efficiently. “The benefits of Yoga are endless. It affects the human mind and body in a variety of ways.

You learn not to fuss about the small things in life. The ego has less control over your life, which really is the source of all your suffering. You stop feeling competitive towards other people and are more prone to offer your help and guidance in the world.

Thus, in this world where we have lived with stress as a companion, Yoga stands as a huge pillar supporting our mental health.

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Thursday, June 25, 2020

WHAT BLOOD SUGAR LEVEL IS DANGEROUS?

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What Blood Sugar Level Is Dangerous For You?

What Blood Sugar Level Is Dangerous
What Blood Sugar Level Is Dangerous


Overview

A diabetic coma is a threatening condition in diabetes that causes unconsciousness in a person. If you have diabetes, either dangerously high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) or dangerously low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can lead to a diabetic coma. The thought of a diabetic coma can cause fear in a person, but you can take steps to help prevent the issue. A person can start by following their diabetes treatment plan.  So let's discuss, What Blood Sugar Level Is Dangerous.

Symptoms of different blood sugar

Before evolving a diabetic coma, you'll usually experience signs and symptoms of either high blood sugar or low blood sugar.

High blood sugar (hyperglycemia)


High blood sugar is found in people already suffering from diabetes.  The level ranges more than 130mg/dL before a meal and more than 180mg/dL after the meal.
The below list contains the symptoms of high blood sugar:

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Shortness of breath
  • Stomach pain
  • A rapid heartbeat

Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)

The low blood sugar is a condition that occurs when the blood glucose level drops down below normal that is when the level is below 70mg/dL before the meal.

The below list contains the symptoms of low blood sugar:

Shakiness or nervousness
  • Anxiety
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Sweating
  • Hunger
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Confusion

Some people, especially people suffering from diabetes, develop a condition that is as hypoglycemia unawareness and won't show any symptoms that signal a drop in blood sugar.
If you experience any symptoms of the blood sugar, test your blood sugar and follow and the diabetes treatment plan recommended by the doctor based on the test results. If you don't start to feel better or feel worse, reach out for emergency help.

Causes of risk conditions due to blood sugar

Blood sugar that's either too high or too low for a long period leads to various serious conditions, all of which can lead to a diabetic coma.

Diabetic ketoacidosis:

If your muscle cells starve for energy, your body responds by breaking down fat stored. This process forms toxic acids called ketones. If you have ketones (checked in blood or urine) and high blood sugar, the condition is called diabetic ketoacidosis. If you don’t treat, it can lead to a diabetic coma.
Diabetic ketoacidosis is most seen in diabetes type 1 but sometimes occurs in diabetes type 2.

Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome:

When the blood sugar tops 600 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) the condition is known as a diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome.
The severe high blood sugar turns the blood thick and syrupy. Excess sugar in the body passes from the blood into the urine and then triggers a filtering process that draws tremendous amounts of fluid from your body. If this issue is left untreated, this can lead to threatening dehydration and a diabetic coma. 

Hypoglycemia:

A brain requires glucose to function. In extreme cases, low blood sugar can make a person pass out. Hypoglycemia can be caused by too much insulin or not enough food. Exercising too forcibly or drinking too much alcohol can have the same effect.

Risk factors due to blood sugar

The following factors can increase the risk in a person:

Insulin delivery problems:

If a person is on an insulin pump, you have to check your blood sugar frequently. Insulin supplies stop if the pump fails or the tubing (catheter) is twisted or falls out of place. A lack of insulin can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis.

An illness, trauma or surgery:

When a person gets sick or injured, blood sugar levels tend to rise, sometimes drastically. This causes diabetic ketoacidosis if you have type 1 diabetes.

Poorly managed diabetes:

If you don't monitor your blood sugar properly, at certain intervals, or take your medications as directed, a person can have a higher risk of developing long-term complications and a diabetic coma.

No taking meals or insulin on time:

People with diabetes and eating disorder choose not to use their insulin as directed with the hope of losing weight. This is a dangerous, threatening practice that increases the risk of a diabetic coma.

Drinking alcohol:

Alcohol has unpredictable effects on your blood sugar. Alcohol's soothing effects make it harder for you to know when a person has low blood sugar symptoms. This increases the risk of diabetic coma caused by hypoglycemia.

Illegal drug use:

Illegal drugs, such as cocaine and ecstasy, increases the risk of severe high blood sugar levels and conditions linked to diabetic coma.

Prevention of blood sugar

Follow your healthy diet plan:

Consumption of wholesome, unprocessed food, fruits and vegetables. Foods that contain a lot of carbohydrates eg cookies digest quickly but spike the insulin levels in the pancreas.

Frequent check on blood sugar level:

Frequent blood sugar tests can tell if a person is keeping the blood sugar level in your target range. Check more frequently if you've exercised after a while because exercise can cause to blood sugar levels to drop, even hours later, especially if you don't exercise regularly.

Take your medication as directed:

Check with the doctor on the dose or the timing of your medication.

Check for ketones when your blood sugar is high:

Check the urine for ketones when the blood sugar level is over 250 mg/dL (14 mmol/L) on more than two consecutive tests, especially if you are sick. Check with the doctor immediately if you have any level of ketones and are vomiting. High levels of ketones lead to diabetic ketoacidosis, which can lead to a coma. 

Healthy weight: Having an ideal weight and being healthy and fit.

Physical Exercise: At least 30 minutes of brisk walk reduces the sugar levels.

Get insulin checked in accurate intervals: Checking the insulin levels and taking precautions accordingly.

Limited intake of salt and sugar
Replace pasta or Maida items with wheat
Eat foods that are high in fiber which helps in control blood sugar levels

Complications when we untreat extreme cases of blood sugar

If a person untreats, a diabetic coma can lead to:
  • Permanent brain damage
  • Death

When to see a doctor

A diabetic coma is a medical emergency. If you feel extremely high or low blood sugar signs or symptoms and think you might pass out, reach out for a local emergency number or a hospital. If you're with a diabetic person who is feeling dizzy, call for emergency help, and be sure to let the doctor know that the unconscious person is diabetic.

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Tuesday, June 23, 2020

Blood Sugar Level During Fasting

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Blood Sugar Level During Fasting


Blood Sugar Level Fasting

What is the Blood Sugar Level?

The Blood Sugar or Blood glucose is the sugar or glucose content found in the blood. It is found in animals and humans. The body requires glucose which comes from the food we eat. This glucose is the main source of energy to supply nutrients to organs, muscles and various parts of the body. However, the body does not use all the insulin at once. Insulin makes it to store and release when necessary. This is usually found in people who lack insulin and is become one of the most common diseases.

After a meal, the blood sugar levels rise to peak about an hour after eating.
Diabetes is of two types: Diabetes 1 and Diabetes 2. 

Diabetes 1: A condition where the pancreas does not produce insulin and hormone which is required by the body to maintain blood sugar level in our body.


Diabetes 2: A condition in which the body is resistant to insulin and in some cases pancreas that slows or stops producing insulin


Symptoms of High and Low Blood Sugar

High Blood Sugar:


  • Blurred vision
  • Increase in peeing frequency
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Vaginal infections
  • Diarrhea
  • Chronic constipation
  • Damage to kidney and blood vessels


Low Blood Sugar:


  • Feeling shaky
  • Anxiety
  • Nervousness
  • Impatient
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Dizzy
  • Hunger
  • Pale skin
  • Feeling jittery
  • On severe conditions, any part of the body can be harmed by too much sugar:
  • Heart attacks
  • Blindness
  • Weakened immune system
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Slow wound healing 
What are the different levels of Blood Sugar?

 Normal blood sugar level:

The normal ranges for blood sugar in adults who do not have diabetes before eating or fasting begins at 72-99mg/dL and while fasting range from 80—130 mg/dL and less than 180 mg/dL after 2 hours of the meal.

High blood sugar level (Hyperglycemia):

High blood sugar is found in people already suffering from diabetes.  The level ranges more than 130mg/dL before a meal and more than 180mg/dL after the meal.

Low blood sugar level (Hypoglycemia):

The low blood sugar is a condition that occurs when the blood glucose level drops down below normal that is when the level is below 70mg/dL before the meal.
The below image displays the structure of different levels of blood sugar:

Fasting blood sugar level:
A fasting blood sugar level less than 100 mg/dL is considered to be normal. If the blood sugar level is from 100-125 mg/dL a person is prediabetes. This test must be done on an empty stomach without consuming water and food.

The fasting blood sugar depending on three main factors: 

Contents of last meal
Size of previous meal
The body’s ability to produce and respond to insulin
The below image displays the chart with the values at different durations:  


Testing of Blood Sugar

There are two methods that a person or any healthcare sectors would use to assess fasting blood sugar levels:

Testing blood sugar at home

A person can test their blood sugar level at home. Some doctors ask people to check the sugar level immediately after waking and two hours after the meal.  
Fasting (morning testing before food and water): 80-130 mg/dL and two hours after food under 180 mg/dL.

To do blood sugar level testing at home, a person will have to:

  • Preparing the testing strip and glucose monitor must be ready for blood sample
  • Clean the testing area using an alcohol swab
  • Squeeze the testing area (finger) around the wound to maximize blood flow
  • Squeeze a drop of blood on the testing strip
  • Put the strip into the monitor
  • Record the time, reading and food intake in a log


This test checks the sugar level for over 2-3 months. This test is performed in labs. It is not required for a person to fast before undergoing the test. The result is reported in terms as a percentage, the higher the percentage, the higher is the blood sugar level. HbA1c test


How can a person keep the Blood Sugar in control?

We can keep our Blood Sugar in control using the following methods:


  • Healthy weight: Having an ideal weight and being healthy and fit.
  • Healthy Diet: Consumption of wholesome, unprocessed food, fruits and vegetables. Foods that contain a lot of carbohydrates eg cookies digest quickly but spike the insulin levels in the pancreas.
  • Physical Exercise: At least 30 minutes of brisk walk reduces the sugar levels.
  • Get insulin checked in accurate intervals: Checking the insulin levels and taking precautions accordingly.
  • Limited intake of salt and sugar
  • Replace pasta or Maida items with wheat
  • Eat foods that are high in fiber which helps in control blood sugar levels
  • Proactive steps to be taken for people who are under diabetes drugs and prevent blood sugar from dropping:
  • Regular meals throughout the day
  • Increase food intake and snacking frequency during physical exercise
  • Avoid alcoholic beverages


Top 15 diabetic-friendly foods 


  • Whole wheat items
  • Fruits
  • Yams
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Nuts
  • Legumes
  • Garlic
  • Avocadoes
  • Tuna
  • Leafy vegetables (spinach, kale, lettuce, turnip)
  • Chia seeds
  • Cinnamon
  • Eggs
  • Broccoli
  • Flaxseeds
  • Beans (kidney, pinto black beans)


Top 3 foods to avoid blood sugar


  • Sugary drinks
  • Alcohol
  • Salty foods



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Sunday, June 21, 2020

10 BEST MORNING ROUTINES FOR SUCCESS

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10 Best Morning Routines for Success


best morning routines for success
best morning routines for success

It is clearly stated that being successful is directly proportional to one's well- being. First of all, it is very important to understand what success means. It is not something that reciprocates materialistic happiness but in simple words, it is just the accomplishment of any aim or purpose. It need not be living a luxurious life or wearing good clothes or being a CEO of a multinational firm, but it can also be running well a grocery store, cracking a solution to a problem or writing a good article!

Success is in our minds if our mind is satisfied or contended and at peace, anything we aim can easily be accomplished. Thus, it is very important to keep the burning cells of our mind active and peaceful so that it is at par in contributing to our aims in life.

Every day starts with a beautiful morning and why do we address mornings as beautiful, because it is that time of the day when we wake up fresh and our body cells' concentration is at peak. If we utilize this time of our day meaningfully then it will definitely make the rest of your day!

So let us drill down and make the best use of morning and the best practices for achieving success. 
In fact, the world's most successful people follow it like a religion.

1) Wake up early: 


As the saying goes, early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise. Waking up early aids in working well of your body. It does not mean that you should wake up at 4' o clock in the morning, but at least your morning should start around dawn. This is a perfect time to get up. If you haven't anytime woke up earlier, try to adjust your waking time at this point and you will ultimately feel the magic. Visit your window or balcony, open up your arms and breathe the fresh air. The smile will automatically pop up on your face!

2) Breathing Exercise and Meditation: 


It has been proved that meditation keeps your mind and body synchronized. Meditation increases the level of concentration and thus helps you to absorb difficult situations easily. Inhaling and exhaling fresh air detoxifies your body and thus keeps it fresh. Regular meditation improves focus, decision-making skills, reduces a lot of diseases, keeps you away from depression, and tones your body and keeps it fit. Meditations done in early morning hours are the most effective.


3)  Burning Some Calories:


Doing meditation is not enough. Your body requires to shed some extra calories and work in the right amount of energy. This doesn't mean that you should join a gym and spend hours of your day there, but instead, you should adopt some good exercises along with meditation to keep your body in well state and proper functioning. Morning exercise appears to be best for reducing stress and losing weight. For being successful, you need energy, and morning exercise brings in that right amount of energy for you.

4) Morning Walks:


Harmonious movements of all body parts together is considered a morning walk. A peaceful walk was done in the morning hours accompanied by listening to music or with a friend or a partner adds cherry to the cake. It is the most relaxing exercise that helps to improve your mental clarity and ability to focus throughout the day. Brisk walk aids in the exercise of the lungs and detoxifies your body. It also helps you to think creatively. The moral of the story is to keep your body parts moving!!

5) Eating Breakfast:


It is said that if our body gets the right amount of morning food at the right time, it can do wonders. Breakfast is the first meal of the day and should be taken by 8' o clock in the morning. It is considered as the most important meal of the day. Taking the right portions of food during breakfast energizes your body to function properly. An empty mind never thinks properly, however, a proportionate breakfast satisfies the first and early needs of the body in a day and allows it to work suitably the rest of the day. However, we should avoid carbohydrates in the breakfast, it should be more of like proteins and fibers.

6) Day Planning:


 Most of us often plan or strategize for two minutes before any work we do. Why? Because we get a direction to achieve our results. Similarly, if we consider our day to be a task and prioritize and plan the daily routine in the morning itself, it becomes easier to perform all the tasks as per the time table without any deadlocks and will make your day more manageable and less stressful.

7) Reading Newspaper:


 Reading a newspaper is considered as one of the most important and good habits among most of the books. It is very important that you keep yourself acquainted with the rest of the world and thus glimpsing the newspaper is the best thing to do this. Moreover, this aids your concentration too. You can also do this task while eating your breakfast.

8) Completing one important task of the day:


Researches have proved that the one important task of the day you wish to complete if done in the morning hours then the efforts taken are less compared to the efforts taken for the task done in the rest of the hours of the day. You might have closely noticed the timings of schools and offices. All of them start around 9' o clock. This is because a fresh mind is the most active one in the morning hours and the problem-solving capability of our brain is at the highest in the morning as our brain is said to be more productive when fresh. Moreover, when the task you wish to complete, gets completed in the first hours of the day, the rest of the day tends to appear happier.

9) Spending Time with Family:


Family is one asset that is the key root to success and happiness. In the hustle-bustle of life, we generally do not spend a good time with our family especially in the mornings. A good hour of discussion with the family members as a morning routine will keep your mind happier and away from worries. You can also discuss your goals with your loved ones who are one of the best advisors of successful people in the world. Kissing success alone is a dead loss.

10) Keeping Happy and Staying Positive: 


Well if we follow the above said best morning routines, the chances of us being successful will increase ten folds. Moreover, all these practices help us stay happy, energetic, and optimistic. A positive mind is a stepping stone for success. 

So, put your shoulder on the wheel, follow this basic morning routines and success will ultimately kiss your feet! Who knows you too can create a rags-to-riches story!

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Sunday, June 14, 2020

Best Way To Care And Control Blood Sugar Level In Pregnancy

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Best Way To Care And Control Blood Sugar Level In Pregnancy


If you are planning for a family, learn how to take care of your blood sugar before and during pregnancy so you can have a healthy baby, whether you had diabetes before you got pregnant or you developed diabetes during your pregnancy. Tight blood glucose control, helps to ensure the best chance of a successful pregnancy and can avoid long-term health problems for both you and baby. For that, you will need to keep a close eye on your blood sugar levels.

WHAT IS Normal Blood sugar in pregnancy?

TIME
AMOUNT
Fasting (Before meal)
Less than 95 mg/dl
2 hours after meal
Less than 120 mg/dl
A1c
Less than or around 6.0%

WHAT IS GESTATIONAL DIABETES?

It is temporary diabetes develop during pregnancy known as diabetes. It happens in about 3 in 100 to 9 in 100 pregnant women.
What are the symptoms?
Nondiabetic pregnant women are being tested for gestational diabetes between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy, as there are no common symptoms of gestational diabetes. Most women do not know they have it until they are get tested
  • causes of BLOOD SUGAR DURING PREGNANCY
It occurs when cells become resistant to the action of insulin; it is very natural caused during pregnancy.  An organ “placenta” gives growing baby nutrients and oxygen. The placenta also makes hormones. In late pregnancy, the Estrogen hormone, cortisol hormone, and human placental lactogen can block insulin. When insulin is blocked, Glucose cannot go into the body’s cells is known as insulin resistance. Your body cannot make enough insulin or stops using insulin. The glucose stays in the blood and makes the blood sugar levels go up.
  • Overweight and obesity; i.e., a body mass index (BMI) of 25
  • Having gestational diabetes or insulin resistance in the past
  • Experiencing an unexplained stillbirth or a birth defect in a previous pregnancy
  • If any immediate family member (parents or siblings) suffering from diabetes
  • Have had gestational diabetes before
  • Having a previous birth of a large baby (9 pounds or more)
  • Having any health issue like heart disease, high blood pressure, or high cholesterol
  • Very less physical activity

How blood sugarcane Monitoring In PREGNANCY:
For every type of diabetes, if you are pregnant you need to see your doctor at least once a month, perhaps as often as once a week.

You may need to test your blood several times a day. Generally, these times are fasting (first thing in the morning before you eat) and 2 hours after each meal. Occasionally, you may be asked to test more frequently during the day or at night. As each person is an individual, your health care provider can advise the schedule best for you.

HOW DOES DIABETES AFFECT THE BABY?
  • Large Birth Weight: Birth injury may occur due to the baby's large size and difficulty being born
  • Premature Birth
  • Rebound Hypoglycemia
  • Electrolyte ImbalancesCongenital Malformation
  • Type 1 diabetes often occurs in children or young adults, but it can start at any age.

  • Birth defects:  Birth defects are more likely in babies of diabetic mothers. Some birth defects are serious enough to cause stillbirth. Birth defects usually occur in the first trimester of pregnancy. Babies of diabetic mothers may have major birth defects in the heart and blood vessels, brain and spine, urinary system and kidneys, and digestive system.
  • Macrosomia: This is the term for a baby that is much larger than normal. All of the nutrients the baby gets comes directly from the mother's blood. If the mother's blood has too much sugar, the pancreas of the baby makes more insulin to use this glucose. This causes fat to form and the baby grows very large.   
  • Hypoglycemia: The baby may have low levels of blood glucose right after delivery. This problem occurs if the mother's blood glucose levels have been high for a long time. This leads to a lot of insulin in the baby’s blood. After delivery, the baby continues to have a high insulin level, but no longer has the glucose from the mother. This causes the newborn's blood glucose level to get very low. The baby's blood glucose level can check after birth. If the level is too low, the baby may need glucose in an IV.
  • Trouble respiratory:  Too much insulin or too much glucose in a baby's system may keep the lungs from growing fully. This can cause breathing problems in babies. This is more likely in babies born before 37 weeks of pregnancy.
  • Preeclampsia: Women with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes are at increased risk for preeclampsia during pregnancy. To lower the risk, they should take low-dose aspirin (60 to 150 mg a day) from the end of the first trimester until the baby is born.
The mother might have:
  • A higher chance of needing a C-section
  •  Miscarriage
  •  High blood pressure or preeclampsia
  • Pre-term birth
PREVENTION for BLOOD SUGAR DURING PREGNANCY:
There are many things that can do to keep your blood sugar level from turning into a roller coaster. Lifestyle changes are not always easy, but the payoff is so worth it. For 80 percent of women with gestational diabetes, lifestyle changes will keep blood sugar levels close to normal.
Maintain a healthy weight
Ideally, you will start your pregnancy at a healthy weight, which is a BMI of less than 25. If you are overweight when you become pregnant, be sure to consult with your health-care professional, that how much weight gain is reasonable during your pregnancy. Start pregnancy at a healthy weight. If you are planning to get pregnant, losing extra weight beforehand may help you have a healthier pregnancy. Focus on making lasting changes to your eating habits that can help you through pregnancy, such as eating more vegetables and fruits.
Eat healthy food
Good nutrition can help prevent or control diabetes. Eating regular meals and snacks helps keep your blood sugar level steady. Three major meals and 2-3 snacks are recommended for pregnant women.
Although there’s no "ideal" diet, recommendations for pregnant women consist of at least 2.5 ounces (70 grams) of protein daily, the least amount of six ounces (175 grams) of complex carbohydrates (from vegetables and fruits), and at least one ounce (28 grams) of fiber. Avoid simple carbohydrates like candy, sugary sodas, cookies, cakes, and baked goods. Working with your health-care A professional or a registered dietician will help you figure out an optimal meal and snack plan.
Keep yourself more active
Another key to preventing diabetes is regular physical activity, such as walking. The recommendations for pregnant women are not any different from the standard advice for adults – get 30 minutes of moderate aerobic activity most days of the week; i.e., about 150 minutes weekly. It is also a good idea to reduce the amount of time you spend sitting still – get up and move around every 30 minutes or so.
Get regular prenatal checks
These checks can help you and your health-care professional find problems early. If you are taking insulin for gestational diabetes, then your health-care professional might recommend weekly testing starting at 32 weeks' gestation to keep closer track of your baby's health.
If you are pregnant and have type 1 diabetes, your doctor might sometimes ask you to check your blood sugar in the middle of the night, around 3 a.m. You should check your fasting urine ketones every day, too.
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Sunday, June 7, 2020

Normal Sugar Level India

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Normal Sugar Level India

What Should My Blood Glucose Level Be?

When the heart is at ease, the body is healthy. You know that exercise and a good diet can keep your heart healthy. The connection between diabetes and heart disease starts with high blood sugar levels. 

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Friday, June 5, 2020

Low Blood Sugar Levels - Some Interesting Facts

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Low Blood Sugar Levels - Some Interesting Facts


Low Blood Sugar Levels - Some Interesting Facts


Be a little sweet-tooth, please…


What is it?

When blood sugar levels fall below 70 mg/dL, people may experience symptoms of low blood sugar. Some people may feel very sick with blood sugar levels of 70 mg/dL, while others might not notice signs until blood sugar dips lower than this. Low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, is one of many potential risk factors for a person with diabetes.
A person who has frequent episodes of hypoglycemia will become gradually less aware of these symptoms.

Causes of Low Blood Sugar 


  • Taking certain medicines and eating too few carbohydrates
  • Skipping or delaying meals
  • Taking too much insulin or diabetes pills
  • Being more active than usual
  • low-carbohydrate diets
  • an insulin-producing tumor (insulinoma)
  • other hormonal imbalances, such as low adrenal function and low growth hormone
  • accidental ingestion of anti-diabetic drugs


Symptoms to look out for…

 Hypoglycemia can cause:


  • Symptoms related to the brain "starving" for sugar - Headache, dizziness, blurred vision, difficulty concentrating, poor coordination, confusion, weakness or fainting, tingling sensations in the lips or hands, confused speech, abnormal behavior, convulsions, loss of consciousness, coma
  • Symptoms related to the release of epinephrine and norepinephrine - Sweating, tremors (feeling shaky), rapid heartbeat, anxiety, hunger


Categories of Hypoglycemia

Typically, hypoglycemia is subdivided into three categories: symptomatic, asymptomatic, and severe hypoglycemia.

  • Symptomatic - Common signs of symptomatic hypoglycemia include a racing heart, shakiness, hunger, sweating, and nausea. These are signs that your body is trying to correct for low blood sugar and is called the counterregulatory response. With the counterregulatory response, your body reduces the insulin it makes, increases the production of a hormone called glucagon (the anti-insulin hormone) and increases adrenaline.


  • Asymptomatic- Person with blood sugars frequently less than 70 mg/d may develop asymptomatic hypoglycemia. This happens when the body’s response to hypoglycemia can be dulled due to the loss of the counterregulatory response. People experiencing asymptomatic hypoglycemia may not have symptoms until their blood sugar drops very low, affecting brain function. 


  • Severe-Severe hypoglycemia refers to a type of hypoglycemia that makes you unable to treat yourself due to confusion, sleepiness, or even coma, requiring the assistance of others. At extremely low blood sugar levels, seizure and even death can occur.

Am I at risk?


  • Anyone diagnosed with diabetes that is taking medication for blood sugar control, whether it’s a pill or injections, is at risk for hypoglycemia.
  • Age also can be a factor when it comes to hypoglycemia. Those over age 65 may be at increased risk for hypoglycemia because of the body’s slower clearance of diabetic medications and an impaired counterregulatory response.
  • Additionally, certain medications increase the risk of hypoglycemia. Insulin, either through subcutaneous (under the skin) injections or from an insulin pump, can lead to hypoglycemia in certain conditions.

If you think you have low blood sugar…


  • Be able to verbalize what to do if you feel that your blood sugar is low. You should always have 15 grams of carbs, as a low blood sugar treatment, in your pocket, purse. 
  • When hunger is the culprit, eating a glucose-rich meal, such as fruit and pancakes, can quickly raise blood glucose levels.
  • Consuming rapid-acting carbohydrates, such as 8 ounces of fruit juice, regular coke, glucose tablets, or candy is also a good way to treat low sugar levels.
  • Following the rule of 15 is a good way to ensure a proportionate response to hypoglycemia.




Treat by eating or drinking 15 grams of something high in sugar, such as:


  • 4 ounces (½ cup) of regular fruit juice (like orange, apple, or grape juice)
  • 4 ounces (½ cup) of regular soda pop (not diet)
  • 8 ounces (1 cup) of milk
  • 3 or 4 glucose tablets
  • 5 to 6 candies that you can chew quickly (such as mints)


Wait 15 minutes and then check your blood sugar again. If it is still low, eat or drink something high in sugar again. Once your blood sugar returns to normal, eat a meal or snack. This can help keep low blood sugar from coming back.
An important but often-forgotten response to low blood sugar levels in the prevention of future events.

  • After a hypoglycemic episode, determining what caused it is essential to avoid low blood sugar episodes in the future. 
  • Making note of the possible cause and informing your diabetes healthcare team about such episodes is extremely helpful. This can allow for discussion of how future episodes of hypoglycemia can be prevented and guide changes in medication regimens.

Overall


  • Low blood sugar happens for many different reasons. It is vital not to self-diagnose. Even if symptoms go away after eating a meal, consider making permanent lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of morning blood sugar drops.
  • Healthful changes include eating a later dinner or having a snack before bed. See a doctor for help managing chronically low blood sugar.
  • Extremely low blood sugar prevents the body from getting the energy it needs and is a medical emergency. So, if eating a meal does not relieve symptoms, a person should go to the emergency room or call a trusted doctor.
  • Most people who experience low blood sugar can manage symptoms with a few simple lifestyle changes. Though low blood sugar can make a person feel very ill, it is not always a cause for concern.
  • When blood sugar levels are dangerously low, prompt treatment will increase the chances of a full recovery.


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Tuesday, June 2, 2020

10 Easy steps: How to reduce blood sugar level

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10 Easy steps: How to reduce blood sugar level

10 Easy steps: How to reduce blood sugar level

Blood Sugar Level
Let us understand the terminology blood sugar level - Blood sugar level or blood glucose level is the concentration of glucose present in the blood of humans. In layman's language, we all need the energy to perform our basic routine life and sometimes, the tasks or set of activities which we have planned for us.
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